My Parents
Historia Polski~Polish History

World War II Veterans I Remember

By Robert John Zagar

I must begin with my family of course.  My father on his deathbed revealed to my brother and my sister that he served in the “special forces” behind enemy lines during the war.  He was sworn to secrecy.  Anthony traveled by ship, airplane, train, and pack mule from Great Lakes Naval Base to the area north of the South China Sea.

[caption id="attachment_27211" align="alignnone" width="350"]My ParentsMy Parents[/caption]

He was part of an air force, navy, marine, and army elite unit that cooperated with the Royal Chinese Army in resisting the Japanese onslaught.  At first there were only weather reports but later Japanese troop and navy movements were reported by radio to American and British forces to target for destruction.  The unit was so successful that the Japanese Army put a multi-million dollar bounty on each “special forces” member (today’s equivalent would be thirty to forty million US dollars). 

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Polish Settlers
Historia Polski~Polish History

Guess who came to America even before The Pilgrims did

Polish SettlersDespite the Statue of Liberty’s appeal to „give me your tired and your poor,” those who trace their American roots to New York’s Ellis Island might tell you these noble words of welcome were not always the fact.

The new arrivals of a century ago were often given special names. The names were invented by those who claimed „we were here first” or, at least, that „we got here before you did.”

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Uroczystość odsłonięcia w dniu 20.08.2006. Pomnika Pamięci Mieszkańcom Nowin Horynieckich wymordowanym przez bandy UPA 18 sierpnia 1944 roku.
Historia Polski~Polish History

Stowarzyszenie Spadkobierców Polskich Kombatantów II Wojny Światowej – w imię wspólnej Ojczyzny jednoczą potomków polskich kombatantów II wojny światowej

Pomysł powołania Stowarzyszenia zrodził się w 55-tą rocznicę zwycięstwa nad faszyzmem. Grupa dzieci polskich partyzantów z formacji AK, BCh, GL-AL, GL PPS, żołnierzy Samoobrony Kresów Południowo-Wschodnich oraz ruchu oporu na Obczyźnie: w Rosji, Jugosławii, Grecji i Francji opublikowała wówczas apel do dzieci i wnuków polskich partyzantów, w którym wzywała, aby nie dopuścić do zapomnienia heroizmu i martyrologii przodków z okresu II wojny światowej.

Zebranie rejestracyjne odbyło się w 2001 roku, rejestrację Krajowego Rejestru Sadowego organizacja uzyskała w 2002 roku. Początkowo skupiała ona wyłącznie potomków żołnierzy ruchu oporu, w 2003 roku w jej skład weszli także potomkowie żołnierzy formacji frontowych i więźniów.

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October 1939
Historia Polski~Polish History

The second that could change the course of the war

October 1939By Jerzy Skoryna
It was „a long time ago”, in October 1939, what is but a second for history.

Never have I found any trace of that event, though perhaps some evidence has been preserved. The event that could change the course of the whole World War Two and, consequently, perhaps also the history of the whole world.

My father, a sapper colonel, Jan Skoryna came on a mission to Mexico in June 1939. Formerly, he was a commander of a major Niepokulczycki or Niepokójczycki (unfortunately I have forgotten with time his first name and the exact spelling of his surname).Sometime in November 1939 major

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Brak grafiki
Historia Polski~Polish History

Dziecięcy karabin maszynowy

Ceremonia, która zamierzam opisac miala miejsce przeszlo 60 lat temu, czyli wiecej niz kopa lat wstecz. Pomimo, ze mieszkam w Meksyku od 54 lat, uroczystosc, jaka miala miejsce przeszlo pól wieku temu, stoi mi w pamieci i przed oczyma tak, jakby to wszystko odbylo sie zaledwie wczoraj.

Wszystko koncentruje sie wokól daty (11 listopada 1938 r.) i miejsca wydarzenia, jakim byla ujezdzalnia I-go Pulku Szwolezerów na ulicy Szwolezerów w Warszawie. A co wlasciwie takiego specjalnego mialo tam miejsce? W skali swiatowej czy historii Polski to wlasciwie nic specjalnego ani godnego uwagi nie zaszlo. Lecz… wlasnie chodzi o te „lecz…” Wracam wiec pamiecia wstecz, o te kilkadziesiat lat, pokrytych juz kurzem historii i jednej z najkrwawszych, i najburzliwszych epok ludzkosci.

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Bohdan Chmielewski
Historia Polski~Polish History

Maria Kazimiera – królowa Polski

Aleksander Wietrzyk Part I, II, III, IV, V
Lata dzieciństwa

Niewiele wiemy na temat dziecinstwa Marii Kazimiery. Wiadomo tylko, ze miala liczne rodzenstwo: dwóch braci i cztery siostry. Dwie z nich wstapily do klasztoru, a pozostale wraz z bracmi trafily za siostra do kraju nad Wisla. 

Ojciec przyszlej królowej, markiz d’Arquien, sluzyl w tym czasie u ksiecia Orleanskiego Gastona, brata Ludwika XII,I jako kapitan gwardii szwajcarskiej, a jego malzonka pelnila funkcje ochmistrzyni ksiezniczki newerskiej Marii Gonzagi. Markiz d’Arquien w mlodosci hulaka, pijak i kobieciarz, na starosc byl juz tylko podupadlym arystokrata, szukajacym szczescia na dworach magnackich. W podeszlym wieku przybyl do Polski i zmarl przezywszy ponad sto lat.
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The Monte Cassino Cross - obverse and reverse
Historia Polski~Polish History

The Polish Victory at Monte Cassino

The Monte Cassino Cross - obverse and reverseBy Prof. Dr. Zdzislaw P. Wesolowski – Colonel, South Carolina State Guard (Reserve)
The Abbey at Monte Cassino is one of the most famous abbeys in Europe. It was founded by Saint Benedict of Nursia in 529 AD on the former site of the temple of Apollo. It is located 75 miles southeast of Rome. The abbey stands at an altitude of 1,700 feet, overlooking the town of Cassino and the surrounding countryside. The abbey’s original buildings were destroyed by the Lombards in 580 AD and rebuilt in 720 AD. Monte Cassino was again destroyed in 883 by the Saracens and restored in mid 900. In 1349, it was damaged by an earthquake. It was rebuilt again in 1600 only to be sacked by French troops who invaded the Kingdom of Naples. It was again rebuilt and would remain in beautiful condition until 1944.

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Maria Kazimiera - the Queen of Poland
Historia Polski~Polish History

Maria Kazimiera – the Queen of Poland

Aleksander Wietrzyk Part I, II, III, IV, V Tr. Anna Witowska – Ritter
Childhood years

Maria Kazimiera - the Queen of Poland Maria Kazimiera is undoubtedly one of the most famous Polish royal figures. She is known to the general public as ‚Queen Marysienka’ and featured in many historical publications. Some of them present her in a rather superficial way as a wife of famous King and Commander-in-Chief Jan III Sobieski. In that light, Marysienka often appears as a woman who made good use of her beauty, and was attached to her husband, but never honestly loved him. Historians have accused her (often wrongly) of excessive ambition, narrow-mindedness, despotism and more concern for trivia than important matters. Her fame outlived her due to famous „erotic” letters that her royal husband wrote to her. The Queen also left a legacy of extensive correspondence. Only recently have some historians started to express opinions that this beautiful woman had a good heart and amazing intellect.

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Powstanie Warszawskie
Historia Polski~Polish History

Pamięć o mordowanym mieście

Powstanie Warszawskieby Aleksander Wietrzyk

Powstanie Warszawskie nie doczekalo sie do dnia dzisiejszego jednoznacznej oceny. Od chwili jego wybuchu az po dzien dzisiejszy trwa wielki spór pomiedzy historykami, politykami i wojskowymi o jego sens, dobór momentu wybuchu i spelnienie swego zadania. Posród polskiego spoleczenstwa panuje jednomyslne przekonanie, ze Powstanie Warszawskie stanowi narodowa relikwie dzieki bezmiarowi przelanej krwi oraz ogromowi cierpien i poswiecenia.

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1939 War
Historia Polski~Polish History

The Polish Campaign of September 1939 in Perspective

1939 War

by M. Kamil Dziewanowski

While Poland was fighting her desperate defense campaign her Western Allies, despite their formal declaration of war on September 3, stood by and watched. As a matter of fact, for two days there were considerable doubts as to whether France would declare war at all, despite previous promises and resolutions. Although Britain had announced that she would honor her pledges to Poland, the Chamberlain government was reluctant to shake off appeasement. The French Government was even more sluggish. Britain declared war on Germany first on September 3 at 11 a.m., while the French followed reluctantly after serious On September 2, when the Polish ambassador vigorously protested against the French delay in carrying out their clear treaty obligations to give Poland immediate air support, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, George’s Bonnet, indignantly replied: „You don’t expect us to have a massacre of women and children in Paris.” Yet, no French Government could afford to disassociate itself from its British ally and renounce its position as a Great Power. Finally the French declared war on Germany after a delay of six hours.

 

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